Stem cell therapy, also known as regenerative medicine, uses stem cells to repair tissue that is damaged due to disease or injury in the body. Stem cells are the “raw materials” of the human body.
Stem cells are generic cells that can be converted into specialized cells to serve specific purposes. For example, a stem cell can be converted into a muscle cell, a blood cell, or another type of cell so that it can serve the purpose you need.
Once the cell is converted, the doctor then injects the specialized stem cells into the area that needs this specialized therapy. The revised cells will then go and fix the issue or serve a specific purpose that the body’s existing cells are not doing correctly. This can be an excellent therapy for treating knee pain.
Where Do Stem Cells Come From?
There are a few ways to get stem cells:
- Embryonic Stem Cells – These cells come from embryos in the blastocyst phase – the first few days of embryonic development. These cells are very adaptable and can be used for regenerative treatment to fix many different types of health issues.
- Adult Stem Cells – Adult stem cells are available in certain parts of the body, such as bone marrow or fat. There is a limited amount of adult stem cells available, but they can be harvested to grow in larger numbers.
- Perinatal Stem Cells – Perinatal stem cells come from the amniotic fluid and blood from the umbilical cord. These stem cells have the ability to change into specialized cells in a similar way that embryonic stem cells can.
- Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells – These are adult cells that have been modified to act like stem cells. This is still being aggressively researched and is believed to have a lot of promise for future therapies.
How Does Stem Cell Therapy Work?
Stem cell therapy is used to treat a variety of issues, and one of the most common issues it treats is knee pain. Although there are a variety of underlying causes for knee pain, some of the most common factors causing knee pain are cartilage defects.
Cartilage is flexible tissue that exists between joints throughout your body. When cartilage works properly, it lets the bones that join at the joint glide around each other smoothly and without any pain. However, when cartilage is damaged or defective, you will experience pain and inflammation when the bones rub against each other.
Stem cell therapy can be used to treat knee pain by fixing the cartilage defect that exists at the joint.
Most individuals who receive stem cell therapy get the stem cells from their own bodies. The doctor collects the stem cells and sends them to a lab to be multiplied and converted into the type of cells needed – in this case, for knee pain treatment. The benefit of using a person’s own stem cells is that the body will not have an unwanted reaction to it because it’s not a foreign substance.
For knee pain issues due to cartilage defects, the stem cells are converted into cartilage cells. When these cells are inserted in the joint, the revised cells can fix the cartilage defect, so the bones in the joint can now glide around each other smoothly rather than rubbing bone to bone.
Another way stem cells are used to treat knee pain is by suppressing inflammation in the joint which causes pain and swelling.
Stem cell therapy is continuously and vigorously being researched, and new potential benefits and uses are being discovered every day. Because of the benefits stem cells have shown in treating knee pain, it is a great option available for knee pain treatment.
Contact a Stem Cell Therapy Center Today
If you experience knee pain due to a cartilage issue, stem cell therapy may be able to help you. Talk to your doctor today about the treatment and whether it’s a good treatment option for your specific needs.
At the National Stem Cell Centers, our doctors use advanced technologies to treat patients using regenerative medicine. The experience and reputation at the National Stem Cell Centers is unmatched.
Call one of our centers today in New York, New Jersey, Texas, or Georgia, or fill out our online appointment request form to discover what might be the right regenerative medicine treatment for you. We look forward to hearing from you.